Everyone wants to be strong and self- sufficient, but few are willing to put in the work necessary to achieve worthy goals” by Mahatma Gandhi. India’s self reliance started a way back in the pre-independence era the “Swadeshi Movement & Boycott Movement” was the first initiative Gandhi taken to promote the local manufacturing industries. Self-reliance is not evading from International Trade its all about strengthen its own domestic industry by governance system and go far beyond mere amendments and announcements. The Indian village stands as the nucleus of economic growth Gandhian economics recognized India lives not in a handful of her big cities but in thousands of villages. Gandhiji’s vision of “Village Swaraj” that is the establishment of a village republic was based on man-centered, non-exploiting, decentralized, village economy giving full employment to all its citizens on the basis of voluntary cooperation. According to him village is the center of growth pole and there by growth and development should spread throughout the nation.
India saw a push for economic self-reliance after the Independence and it considered planning was an important part. The National Planning Committee of 1938 took its effort to create Independent India and economic unit, Industrialized and self-sufficient. The Planning Commission in its twelve five-year plans published from 1951 to 2014 included many self-reliance projects like Self-sufficiency in food and energy to Self-reliance in terms of technology, production and conservation. On May 2020 Prime Minister Modi in his speech reinitiated the idea of Self-reliance he quoted “The state of World today teach us that Atma Nirbhar Bharat is the only path”. When covid pandemic happened through out the world the shutdowns of international export and import caused a heavy difficulty in sustaining without basic products. The Atma Nirbhar Abhiyan stands central to make India a larger and more involved part of the World Economy pursuing policies that are efficient, competitive and resilient which encourage equity, self-sustaining, self-generating.
On January 14, 2018 the Uttar Pradesh Government launched One District One Product scheme under Ministry of Food Processing Industry. The MOFPI has launched the Pradhan Mantri Formalization of Micro Food Processing Enterprises scheme under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan with the aim to enhance the competitiveness of existing individual micro enterprises in the unorganized segment of the food processing industry and promote formalization of the sector. The ODOP initiative is carried out with the aim of creating “Districts as Exports Hub” initiated by the Director of Foreign Trade and Department of Commerce. The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade is an important stakeholder. The criteria to identify the ODOP is, ODOP produces as a percentage of total agriculture produce of the district, perishable nature of the produce, Presence of ODOP in that district compared to other district and states.
BENEFITS OF THE SCHEME
The benefits which are envisaged under the scheme for existing enterprise and new units for ODOP are it support to existing individual micro units for capital investment, preference would be given to those producing ODOP products, in the case of capital investment by groups predominantly those involved in ODOP products would be supported. New units whether for individuals or groups would only be supported for ODOP products, it supports for the common infrastructure and marketing & branding would only be for ODOP products. In the case of support for marketing and branding at State or Regional level came products of districts not having that products as ODOP would also be included.
Entrepreneur can avail the benefit of the scheme for the up gradation of the existing unit. New enterprises should be only for ODOP of the district so as to avail the benefit under the scheme. The existing enterprises can avail the benefits in processing of ODOP or any other food products as well. Under the Capacity Building component of the scheme training support would be provided to individual units and groups that are being provided support for capital investment. Groups that are being provided support for marketing and branding under the scheme would also be provided training support. The scheme also envisages financial support for common infrastructure there is a provision for credit linked grant at 35% to support FPO, SHG, Cooperatives and any government Agency or private enterprises for Common Infrastructure. The Maximum subsidy for individual micro food processing units would be provided credit linked capital subsidy at 35% of the eligible project cost with a maximum ceiling of Rs 10 lakh per unit beneficiary contribution should be minimum of 10% of the project cost with balance being loan from bank.
Strengthening economy is one of the top priorities of the government to steer the country onto the path of rapid development and growth and to make India self-reliant five things are important Intent Inclusion Investment Infrastructure Innovation. The direction in which the government is moving today in every field there will be many new opportunities for the youth of the country. Make in India but Made for World is the ambition of Indian government the world is looking for a trusted reliable partner we India have potential strength and ability to make it. Let the industries must benefit from the trust that has developed for India all over the world.